Cryptocurrency Regulations

Cryptocurrency regulations can play an essential role in helping crypto assets to function more responsibly and promote global cooperation. Such frameworks should also consider their macroeconomic net benefits before being developed.

While these regulations might seem like the end for cryptocurrency, it’s essential to see the bigger picture.


Estonia boasts a comprehensive set of cryptocurrency regulations. Notably, Estonia imposes stringent anti-money laundering (AML) laws upon virtual currency service providers as well as requirements to provide sufficient information regarding their own funds’ origin as well as reporting suspicious transactions to Financial Intelligence Unit.

Estonia is a member of the European Union, NATO and UN and committed to spreading democracy and free-market economic policies worldwide. Furthermore, Estonia supports continued EU enlargement while participating in development assistance programs for former Soviet republics.

Australia boasts an excellent track record when it comes to combatting tax evasion and money laundering, boasting one of the highest anti-money laundering compliance levels worldwide. Furthermore, their government has even set up a task force dedicated to stopping money laundering by criminal groups within their borders.

Estonia had two separate licenses for cryptocurrency exchanges and wallet services until recently; due to tightened anti-money laundering (AML) controls, they have since been combined into one and responsibility for regulation shifted from two licenses to just one regulated by the Financial Supervisory Authority. Companies operating within this sector must also register with Financial Intelligence Unit as well as having a local representative in Estonia.


Cryptocurrency regulations in Canada strike an appropriate balance between encouragement and caution. For instance, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA)’s Regulatory Sandbox for cryptocurrency platforms requires them to disclose all third-party service providers they use, disclose risks associated with their crypto assets, measure used against theft/fraud and adhere to international accounting and auditing standards; plus they must publish trading histories.

The Canadian Securities Administrators regulate virtual currencies under the Proceeds of Crime (Anti-Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing) Act; however, many questions still exist surrounding how Canadian tax law treats cryptocurrencies.

Calculating taxes owed on gains and losses when holding crypto assets for business use can be a complicated task, with the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) suggesting using their fair market value rather than initial purchase price to calculate taxes due. With multiple crypto assets holdings to track, maintaining accurate records is essential – it will allow your taxes to be accurate.

The United States

Although few countries have succeeded at providing clear regulations governing virtual currencies, the United States has struggled even by its own standards to do so. Perhaps the most promising sign for future regulation lies not in Treasury Department efforts to catch cybercriminals and recover illicit profits but rather efforts made harder for criminals to access such illegal profits in the first place.

However, the crypto industry remains concerned over regulatory uncertainty in their industry. Congress could potentially pass legislation in 2022 that transfers authority from the SEC to CFTC; such a bill could pose major hurdles to companies not registered with SEC.

At the state level, many states have actively promoted cryptocurrency technology by passing favorable regulations that exempt it from state securities and money transmission statutes. Their aim is to leverage investments in cryptocurrencies to stimulate local economies and improve public services while taking care to avoid harming consumer and investor protections.


Switzerland is well known for its blend of fierce independence and meticulous regulation. Additionally, Switzerland has become an attractive regulatory safe haven for blockchain and crypto projects. Switzerland has made clear that it won’t ban or restrict cryptocurrency usage but rather ensure that ICOs and exchanges comply with local regulations regarding anti-money laundering (AML) and countering financing of terrorism (CFT) compliance.

Cryptocurrency trading in Switzerland is legal, although the country imposes stringent cryptocurrency regulations and requires individuals to report their holdings as part of their wealth tax reporting requirements. Switzerland’s financial market supervisory authority, FINMA, has defined its legality through their ICO Guidelines and other publications.

Additionally, banking law was revised to provide for the treatment of digital assets during bankruptcy and reorganization proceedings, mandating that they are kept separate from estate assets. Furthermore, clarification has been provided about “investment tokens”, mandating they be backed up with real-world assets in order to give investors greater protection.

El Salvador

Whoever wishes to participate in El Salvador’s cryptocurrency market must meet all financial compliance requirements, which include keeping records of transactions and maintaining a cyber-security program. Furthermore, they should implement a disaster recovery plan with safeguarding procedures in place and establish plans for liquidating client assets in case of bankruptcy.

The Bitcoin Law imposes stringent financial compliance regulations on companies providing services like wallets, exchanges and payment platforms; registration with the government allows the government to monitor activity within the bitcoin economy.

Law allows price quotes and tax contributions to be expressed in bitcoin, while tax contributions may also be paid using cryptocurrency. Yet many remain skeptical of this policy, fearing it will erode democracy and foster corruption; increasing public debt; benefiting only tech-savvy international investors instead of average Salvadorans.